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Gazeta Praca i Nauka za Granicą » Od rodaków – 30 mld zł

Od rodaków – 30 mld zł

Według danych Banku Światowego Polska znajduje się w pierwszej dwudziestce krajów, do których przekazywane jest najwięcej gotówki – głównie od emigrantów pracujących za granicą. Co roku przekazują oni za pośrednictwem bezpośrednich transferów gotówkowych do swoich rodzin w Polsce ok. 30 mld zł – podaje MoneyGram w specjalnym raporcie na temat rynku przekazów pieniężnych na świecie. Głównym źródłem tych pieniędzy są Niemcy, a na drugim miejscu Wielka Brytania. Stany Zjednoczone, gdzie ciągle mieszka największa grupa Polonii, zajmują pod tym względem dopiero trzecie miejsce

W ubiegłym roku co trzeci przekaz pieniężny skierowany do Polski pochodził z Niemiec, skąd w sumie trafiło do naszego kraju ok. 9,2 mld zł. Zachodni sąsiad był głównym celem emigracji zarobkowej Polaków przed akcesją do Unii w 2004 r. Dziś w Niemczech mieszka i pracuje ok. 680 tys. obywateli polskich. Stanowią oni 8 proc. wszystkich obcokrajowców w tym kraju. W przeciwieństwie do Wielkiej Brytanii, emigracja do Niemiec ma charakter czasowy.

Roczna wartość przekazów z Wielkiej Brytanii do Polski szacowana jest przez Bank Światowy na prawie 5 mld zł. Pieniądze z Wysp stanowią 17 proc. wszystkich przekazów skierowanych do naszego kraju. Polscy rezydenci są dziś w Zjednoczonym Królestwie najliczniejszą grupą narodową, poza obywatelami Brytyjskimi – przy populacji ok. 726 tys. osób stanowią 14,8 proc. mieszkających tam obcokrajowców. Osoby urodzone w Polsce są druga największą grupą mieszkańców Londynu urodzonych poza granicami Wielkiej Brytanii (jest ich tam ok. 134 tys.) i zdecydowanie największą taką grupą we wschodniej i południowej Anglii, Szkocji i Walii. Ok. 260 tys. Polaków, którzy pojawili się na Wyspach w ciągu pierwszych dwóch lat po wejściu do Unii stanowiło aż 70 proc. wszystkich obcokrajowców z krajów „nowej” Europy, którzy zdecydowali się na emigrację w tym kierunku.

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